A confined space is a place which is substantially enclosed, and where serious injury can occur from hazardous substances or conditions within the space (e.g. lack of oxygen).
Confined spaces can be below or above ground. Confined spaces can be found in almost any workplace. A confined space, despite its name, is not necessarily small. Examples of confined spaces include silos, vats, hoppers, utility vaults, tanks, sewers, pipes, access shafts, truck or rail tank cars, boilers, manholes, manure pits and storage bins. Ditches and trenches may also be a confined space when access or egress is limited.
Why choose Elliott Environmental Drainage Ltd
- All operatives confined space trained
- Utility Authorised
- Gas and oil terminals
- Electrical substations
- Site specific RAMS
- Bespoke rescue equipment
- Nebosh qualified Health and Safety Manager
Hazards in confined spaces can include:
- Poor air quality: There may be an insufficient amount of oxygen for the worker to breathe. The atmosphere might contain a poisonous substance that could make the worker ill or even cause the worker to lose consciousness. Natural ventilation alone will often not be sufficient to maintain breathable quality air.
- Chemical exposures due to skin contact or ingestion as well as inhalation of ‘bad’ air.
- Fire Hazard: There may be an explosive/flammable atmosphere due to flammable liquids and gases and combustible dusts which if ignited would lead to fire or explosion.
- Process-related hazards such as residual chemicals, release of contents of a supply line.
- Safety hazards such as moving parts of equipment, structural hazards, entanglement, slips, and falls.
- Temperature extremes including atmospheric and surface.
- Shifting or collapse of bulk material.
- Barrier failure resulting in a flood or release of free-flowing solid.
- Uncontrolled energy including electrical shock.
- Biological hazards
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